Minority, low-income individuals less likely to receive oral cancer screening

Minority, low-income individuals less likely to receive oral cancer screening

(HealthDay)—Despite a recent dental visit, more individuals of a minority race/ethnicity and low socioeconomic status report not receiving an oral cancer screening exam, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Avni Gupta, B.D.S., M.P.H., from Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, and colleagues analyzed data from individuals aged 30 years or older who received a dental visit in the previous two years. The likelihood of intraoral and extraoral cancer screening exams was assessed, while adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, , poverty income ratio, , tobacco smoking, and alcohol consumption.

Overall, 37.6 and 31.3 percent of individuals reported receiving an intraoral and extraoral cancer screening exam, respectively. The researchers found that the likelihood of having received intraoral or extraoral cancer screening exams was lower for minority racial/ versus white, non-Hispanics; those with less education versus more education; those who were uninsured and Medicaid-insured versus privately insured; and versus high-income participants. The likelihood of being screened did not differ based on smoking status, while the likelihood was increased for alcohol consumers. Less-educated and low-income subgroups were less likely to be screened.

"Efforts to both educate patients about requesting oral cancer screening in dental offices and adequately train dental professionals on culturally sensitive communications might be an effective means to increase oral cancer screening exams among minority high-risk populations," the authors write.


Explore further

First states to expand medicaid had largest bump in cancer screening

More information: Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Minority, low-income individuals less likely to receive oral cancer screening (2019, August 20) retrieved 7 December 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-08-minority-low-income-individuals-oral-cancer.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
2 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments