Researchers identify cellular interactions responsible for metastasis in breast cancer

Researchers establish intracellular interaction network in breast cancer
Interaction network in breast cancer. The circles represent molecules of various types (green - microRNAs; red - their target genes; blue - transcription factors); lines connect the interacting molecules. Credit: S.Nersisyan et al.

Researchers at HSE University have identified the genes that play a crucial role in breast cancer metastasis. The results of the study were published in the journal PLOS ONE.

Every human cell includes a huge number of : DNA, RNA, proteins, etc. One of the essential classes of molecules that interact with each other are microRNAs, along with their target and . MicroRNAs are that can directly reduce the concentration (expression) of , while transcription factors are able to both increase and reduce the expression of microRNAs and genes. In , such interactions are necessary for normal operation, while in cancer cells, certain interactions are "broken," thus allowing a tumor to spread and elude treatment.

Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology experts Stepan Nersisyan and Alexander Tonevitsky, together with their colleagues from Lomonosov MSU (Alexei Galatenko, Vladimir Galatenko), have developed an algorithm that recreates the networks of intercellular interactions in cancer cells. They used this program detect the key molecules responsible for breast cancer metastasis.

They applied machine learning methods to formulate a model that establishes interaction networks of microRNAs, their targets and transcription factors. A key feature of the program is its ability to integrate different data sources, including various interaction databases and expression profiles of the studied molecules in sample sets (e.g., in real tumors). The program is freely available online.

The authors used the breast cancer interaction network to detect the most important molecules that contribute to breast metastasis. In turn, transcription factor E2F1 turned out to be a key regulator for many marker genes, the expression of which helped the researchers to predict, with high precision, whether a patient would experience metastasis.

"We proposed a hypothesis whereby the most active molecules in the established network can contain prognostic information: If something is wrong with them after the appearance of an initial tumor, the large number of broken interactions may increase the probability of metastasis. The initial results indicate that this hypothesis has been confirmed. Furthermore, a major share of the identified prognostic genes turned out to be directly related to the activities of a single molecule—E2F1," notes Stepan Nersisyan, junior research fellow at the HSE International Laboratory of Microphysiological Systems.

Explore further

Targeting microRNAs could unmask hidden vulnerability in breast cancer stem cells

More information: PLOS ONE (2021). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0249424
Journal information: PLoS ONE

Provided by National Research University Higher School of Economics
Citation: Researchers identify cellular interactions responsible for metastasis in breast cancer (2021, April 14) retrieved 24 May 2022 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors