Study identifies effects of secretin on cardiorenal function

Study identifies effects of secretin on cardiorenal function
Myocardial glucose uptake results. A: representative [18F]FDG PET/CT vertical long axis images showing Ki of the heart after secretin and placebo infusions (n = 1). Short axis images are shown in Supplemental Fig. S1. (see https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.16912807). B: the effect of secretin infusion on myocardial glucose uptake compared with placebo (n = 15). Data were analyzed by Student’s paired t test. C: whole body carbohydrate oxidation (CHO) correlates with myocardial glucose uptake (MGU) after secretin administration (n = 15). Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation. A line has been drawn on the data to indicate a significant association whereas dotted curves represent confidence interval. CT, computed tomography; [18F]FDG, [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose. Credit: DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00260.2021

The gastrointestinal hormone secretin—often associated with its role in the pancreas—increases and improves both heart and kidney function, according to a new study. Researchers write that their findings make secretin "an interesting drug candidate for future studies in heart and kidney failure." The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism. It was chosen as an APSselect article for January.

Heart failure occurs when the cannot pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Kidney failure, also known as end-stage renal disease, is when kidney function has degraded to the point that the patient requires dialysis or a transplant. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), roughly 6.2 million adults in the U.S. are living with heart failure and nearly 786,000 are being treated for . As the researchers note, "renal failure exacerbates heart failure and vice versa."

The gastrointestinal hormone secretin is best known for its role stimulating pancreatic secretion, which initiates the digestion of nutrients. However, interest has been growing in its potential effects on the heart. Receptors for secretin are present in various locations throughout the body, including both the heart and kidney.

A research team at the University of Turku, Finland, conducted a blinded crossover study in 15 healthy men. Each participant was scanned under fasting conditions via positron emission tomography and computed tomography on two separate occasions. One scan was conducted while administering intravenous secretin and the other intravenous saline, as a control.

Credit: American Physiological Society

The participants were also injected with glucose labeled with a radioisotope that allowed researchers to monitor how the glucose moved through the body. At different points throughout the interventions, they also took estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR), a common measure of function.

The researchers found that the had significantly higher glucose uptake with the secretin intervention compared to the control, an indicator of increased heart function. They also found that during the secretin intervention, participants' kidneys filtered out more of the labeled glucose than during the saline intervention. Reinforcing this sign of increased , eGFR peak paralleled secretin peak.

"Based on the present findings, we believe that larger studies are warranted to investigate whether secretin may have a place in the future treatment of ," the team concluded.

"Novel effects of the gastrointestinal hormone secretin on cardiac metabolism and renal function" is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism.


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More information: Sanna Laurila et al, Novel effects of the gastrointestinal hormone secretin on cardiac metabolism and renal function, American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism (2021). DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00260.2021
Citation: Study identifies effects of secretin on cardiorenal function (2022, January 27) retrieved 29 May 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-01-effects-secretin-cardiorenal-function.html
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