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Study finds remote care approach improves therapy adherence and uptake in patients with type 2 diabetes

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A new study by investigators from Mass General Brigham demonstrated that a remote team focused on identifying, educating and prescribing therapy can improve guideline-directed-medical-therapy (GDMT) adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes and high cardiovascular and/or kidney risk.

The research team observed that patients who received education simultaneously with medication management demonstrated a higher rate of medication uptake and initiated treatment earlier compared to patients who received education over two months prior to medication management. Their results were presented at the 2024 American College of Cardiology's Annual Scientific Session and simultaneously published in Circulation.

"Our results suggest that patients are more inclined to adhere to therapy when approached with education and treatment simultaneously and immediately," said corresponding author Alexander J. Blood, MD, MSc, who presented the results. Blood serves as an attending physician in the Division of Cardiovascular Medicine as well as the Heart and Vascular Center at Brigham and Women's Hospital.

"Providers should 'strike while the iron is hot.' If a patient is already interested in investing in their health and willing to meet with you, that's the time to initiate treatment while providing educational resources."

Type 2 diabetes, which increases an individual's risk of cardiovascular and kidney events, affects millions of adults in the United States. Medications such as SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists can improve cardiovascular and kidney outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes, but data from and society recommendations have not led to widespread adoption and utilization of these therapies.

To investigate the impact of patient education on prescription acceptance and therapy uptake, the research team conducted a parallel, randomized, open label clinical trial. They enrolled 200 adult patients with type 2 diabetes at Mass General Brigham, who were at elevated risk of cardiac and/or kidney complications.

Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups. The "education-first" group received a dedicated two-month period of education, consisting of curated patient-centric videos on disease management and medication, prior to treatment initiation via an online portal. The second "simultaneous" group had access to the educational videos but received patient education concurrently with the initiation of their treatment.

Both groups received treatment through a research and clinical care management platform designed and created by the Accelerator for Clinical Transformation at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Mass General Brigham, which facilitated care coordination among patient navigators, pharmacists, nurse practitioners and physicians. These guided patients through every step of their engagement with health care and streamlined communication. The platform is part of Mass General Brigham's larger efforts to transform health care delivery by helping patients access services and monitor health from home, especially at a time when hospitals are regularly operating over capacity.

Patients were followed for six months from enrollment or one month after medication initiation, whichever duration was longer.

While patients in both groups experienced benefits such as and reductions in by the end of the study, those who received simultaneous education demonstrated a higher retention rate. Specifically, 60% of patients in this group were confirmed to have taken their prescribed therapy, compared to 44% in the "education-first" group. Additionally, contrary to initial predictions, in the "education-first" group did not engage more with the educational platform than those in the simultaneous group.

While the findings suggest that a pre-treatment period may not be the solution to medication adherence issues, they underscore the potential of remote, team-based care delivery. This approach holds promise in facilitating the implementation of new therapies, bridging care quality disparities, and enhancing health care outcomes across diverse populations.

The authors describe how the flexibility inherent in remote treatment may extend access to care, particularly benefiting traditionally underserved populations or individuals with busy schedules. Moreover, the inclusion of a patient navigation team fosters ongoing patient-provider communication, providing the personalized support necessary for sustained patient engagement in their care.

"We strongly believe that remote care programs that leverage non-licensed navigators, clinical pharmacists, and team-based care, together with a care delivery platform, will improve operational efficiencies and communication and thereby address many of the persistent problems in health care," said Benjamin M. Scirica, MD, MPH, principal investigator of the DRIVE study and director of the Accelerator for Clinical Transformation.

"On a broader scale, programs like this enhance access, elevate patient outcomes, reduce physician burden, and promote the appropriate utilization of guideline-recommended medications."

More information: Alexander J. Blood et al, Randomized Evaluation of a Remote Management Program to Improve Guideline-directed Medical Therapy: The Diabetes Remote Intervention to Improve Use of Evidence-based Medications (DRIVE) Trial, Circulation (2024). DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.124.069494

Journal information: Circulation
Citation: Study finds remote care approach improves therapy adherence and uptake in patients with type 2 diabetes (2024, April 8) retrieved 29 May 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-04-remote-approach-therapy-adherence-uptake.html
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