New evidence on easing inflammation of brain cells for Alzheimer's disease

October 3, 2012
New evidence on easing inflammation of brain cells for Alzheimer's disease

New research proves the validity of one of the most promising approaches for combating Alzheimer's disease (AD) with medicines that treat not just some of the symptoms, but actually stop or prevent the disease itself, scientists are reporting. The study, in the journal ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters, also identifies a potential new oral drug that the scientists say could lead the way.

Wenhui Hu and colleagues point out that existing drugs for AD provide only "minimal" relief of memory loss and other symptoms, creating an urgent need for that actually combat the underlying destruction of . Research suggests that inflammation of in the brain is a key part of that process. One medicine, Minozac, is in clinical trials. But Hu says Minozac still has more space to improve its efficacy. So the scientists sifted through compounds with a molecular architecture similar to Minozac in an effort to find more active substances.

The report describes success in doing so. They discovered one compound that appeared especially effective in relieving nerve inflammation and in improving learning and memory in widely used in AD research. "In general, this study not only proves that countering neuroinflammation is indeed a potential therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer's disease, but also provides a good lead compound with efficacy comparable to donepezil [an existing AD medicine] for further oral anti-AD drug discovery and development," the report states.

Explore further: Researchers crack degeneration process that leads to Alzheimer's

More information: "Identification of Aminopyridazine-Derived Anti-neuroinflammatory Agents Effective in An Alzheimer's Mouse Model" ACS Med. Chem. Lett., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/ml3001769

Abstract
Targeting neuroinflammation may be a new strategy to combat Alzheimer's disease. An aminopyridazine 1b previously reported as a novel antineuroinflammatory agent was considered to have a potential therapeutic effect for Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we further explored the chemical space to identify more potent antineuroinflammatory agents and validate their in vivo efficacy in an animal model. Compound 14 was finally identified as an effective agent with comparable in vivo efficacy to the marketed drug donepezil in counteracting spatial learning and working memory impairment in an Aβ-induced Alzheimer's mouse model.

Related Stories

Researchers crack degeneration process that leads to Alzheimer's

March 8, 2012
A research group led by Dr. A. Claudio Cuello of McGill University's Faculty of Medicine, Dept. of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, has uncovered a critical process in understanding the degeneration of brain cells sensitive ...

Chronic inflammation in the brain leads the way to Alzheimer's disease

July 2, 2012
Research published today in Biomed Central's open access journal Journal of Neuroinflammation suggests that chronic inflammation can predispose the brain to develop Alzheimer's disease.

Evidence lacking for efficacy of memantine in treating mild Alzheimer's disease

April 11, 2011
An analysis of studies involving the drug memantine finds a lack of evidence for benefit when the drug is used to treat patients with mild Alzheimer disease, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the ...

Inflammatory mediator enhances plaque formation in Alzheimer's disease

September 7, 2011
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder that causes progressive cognitive impairment and memory loss. Now, a new study published by Cell Press in the September 8 issue of the journal Neuron identifies ...

Recommended for you

Artificial intelligence predicts dementia before onset of symptoms

August 22, 2017
Imagine if doctors could determine, many years in advance, who is likely to develop dementia. Such prognostic capabilities would give patients and their families time to plan and manage treatment and care. Thanks to artificial ...

Chronic stress induces fatal organ dysfunctions via a new neural circuit

August 22, 2017
Hokkaido University researchers revealed that fatal gut failure in a multiple sclerosis (MS) mouse model under chronic stress is caused by a newly discovered nerve pathway. The findings could provide a new therapeutic strategy ...

Noninvasive eye scan could detect key signs of Alzheimer's years before patients show symptoms

August 17, 2017
Cedars-Sinai neuroscience investigators have found that Alzheimer's disease affects the retina—the back of the eye—similarly to the way it affects the brain. The study also revealed that an investigational, noninvasive ...

Could olfactory loss point to Alzheimer's disease?

August 16, 2017
By the time you start losing your memory, it's almost too late. That's because the damage to your brain associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) may already have been going on for as long as twenty years. Which is why there ...

New Machine Learning program shows promise for early Alzheimer's diagnosis

August 15, 2017
A new machine learning program developed by researchers at Case Western Reserve University appears to outperform other methods for diagnosing Alzheimer's disease before symptoms begin to interfere with every day living, initial ...

Brain scan study adds to evidence that lower brain serotonin levels are linked to dementia

August 14, 2017
In a study looking at brain scans of people with mild loss of thought and memory ability, Johns Hopkins researchers report evidence of lower levels of the serotonin transporter—a natural brain chemical that regulates mood, ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.