Travelers urged to take precautions against mosquito-borne illnesses
Penn State Global Programs is issuing advice to travelers about the risks of mosquito-borne illnesses, like Zika, based on the latest information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Penn Staters are currently traveling to affected areas and are likely to continue to do so. Officials, however, say Zika is not the only concern, as travelers should take simple precautions to prevent all mosquito-borne illnesses—such as Zika, dengue or chikungunya viruses.
The CDC has issued a "Level 2" alert for the Zika virus, with particular recommendations for women of reproductive age. Out of an abundance of caution, pregnant women, or women who may become pregnant, currently in or with travel plans to countries with Zika virus, should take particular steps to avoid exposure. Some of the current locales where the Zika virus has been identified are Barbados, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Costa Rica, Panama, Mexico and the Pacific Islands. For a full listing, visit http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/zika-travel-information.
All travelers should take precautions to avoid mosquito bites, as this is the best prevention for illnesses like Zika, chikungunya or dengue.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
- Use accommodations with air conditioning and/or window screens.
- Sleep under a mosquito bed net.
- Apply insect repellant like those recommended by the CDC.
All available evidence indicates that the risk to an otherwise healthy adult from Zika virus is relatively limited. However, pregnant women and women that may become pregnant, with travel plans to an affected area, should consult a physician before traveling. Anyone who is symptomatic during or after travel should seek medical attention as soon as possible.
About one in five people infected with Zika virus become ill. Symptoms of Zika include fever, rash, joint pain or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. For more information on Zika, visit http://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/index.html.
Symptoms of dengue include high fever, headache, severe eye pain (behind eyes), joint and muscle pain, rash and mild bleeding manifestation (e.g., nose or gum bleed, petechiae or easy bruising). Visit http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/ for more information.
Symptoms of chikungunya usually begin 3-7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Signs include fever and joint pain, possible rash, swelling and headache. For more on chikungunya, visit www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/symptoms/index.html .