Helmets may not protect skiers from traumatic brain injury

Helmets may not protect skiers from traumatic brain injury
(HealthDay)—The use of helmets may not protect alpine sports participants from traumatic brain injury, according to a study recently published in Wilderness & Environmental Medicine.

Nicolas Bailly, Ph.D., from Université de la Méditerranée in Marseille, France, and colleagues assessed the effect of helmet use on risk of and other types of head injury in alpine sports using data collected by physicians in on-mountain clinics in 30 French ski resorts (2012 to 2014). Cases included 1,425 individuals with traumatic injury and 1,386 with other , and controls included 2,145 without injury and 40,288 with an injury to a body part other than the head.

The researchers found that, compared to participants without any injury, helmet wearers were less likely to sustain any head injury (odds ratio for traumatic brain injury, 0.65; odds ratio for other head injury, 0.42). However, when considering participants with an injury to another body part as the control group, only the risk of other types of head injury was significantly lower among helmet wearers (odds ratio, 0.61). A higher risk of head injury was seen among participants with low skill levels, those aged <26 and >50 years, snowboarders, and those involved in collisions and snowpark accidents.

"This study confirms the effectiveness of helmets in protecting users from injuries but questions their effects on traumatic brain , especially concussion," the authors write.

Two authors were employed by Salomon SAS, which manufactures ski helmets, at the time of the study.


Explore further

Increased helmet use in alpine sports fails to reduce risk of traumatic brain injury

More information: Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Helmets may not protect skiers from traumatic brain injury (2018, September 3) retrieved 23 March 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-09-helmets-skiers-traumatic-brain-injury.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Sep 03, 2018
"... compared to participants without any injury, helmet wearers were less likely to sustain any head injury..."

Am I missing something here? Wearing a helmet reduces your risk of head injury compared to those who have no injury?

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more