Strength training benefits patients with cirrhosis

Three hours of weekly strength training combined with protein supplements leads to both bigger and stronger muscles in patients with cirrhosis. This is shown by a new study from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital.

Patients with cirrhosis should be prescribed strength . This is the opinion of the researchers behind a new study which shows that the loss of both and size does not have to be permanent in patients with cirrhosis.

"Our training project has demonstrated that strength training and protein supplements can break the vicious circle and rebuild muscles so that their muscles become stronger and bigger," says Luise Aamann from Aarhus University and the Aarhus University Hospital. She is a member of the research group behind the study.

Everyday life became easier

A total of 39 people with cirrhosis took part in the trial which lasted twelve weeks. Half of the participants spent one hour three times a week doing strength training. Both the training group and the received dietary advice from a dietitian and also protein supplements throughout the twelve weeks. All and protein intake was recorded daily in a diary.

"The group who trained increased both muscle strength and size during the twelve weeks of strength training compared to the control group. Furthermore, we found that both functional capacity and quality of life were improved among the members of the training group, and all things being equal, this will make it easier to take care of everyday chores," says Luise Aamann.

The results have just been published in the scientific journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

It is well-known from other studies that training benefits the muscles with examples of this including emphysema and cardiovascular diseases. However, that also can be effective for patients with cirrhosis, a disease which is particularly aggressive towards the body's muscles, is new.

"Frail and atrophied arms and legs due to malnutrition and weakened muscles are a characteristic of cirrhosis and are seen in seventy-five cent of hospitalised patients. Atrophying increases the risk of life-threatening conditions such as infections, and impact on the brain," says the researcher.

And in , the weakening of the muscles is severely disabling for the individual and hampers ordinary activities such as shopping, climbing stairs and vacuuming.

"The inactivity creates a negative spiral with further loss of function and finally also social isolation," says Luise Aamann. The next phase of the study will look into whether the twelve weeks of training also affects mortality.


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More information: Luise Aamann et al, Resistance Training Increases Muscle Strength and Muscle Size in Patients With Liver Cirrhosis, Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2019.07.058
Provided by Aarhus University
Citation: Strength training benefits patients with cirrhosis (2020, June 12) retrieved 4 March 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-06-strength-benefits-patients-cirrhosis.html
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