Cytoglobin: Key player in preventing liver disease

Cytoglobin: key player in preventing liver disease
6His tagged recombinant human CYGB (His-CYGB) was endocytosed into the HSCs via Clathrin-mediated pathway, scavenged ROS, such as O2- and OH-, and induced IFN-β secretion mediated by TANK binding kinase 1 (TBK1), resulting in HSC deactivation and inhibition of αSMA and collagen gene expressions in vitro and in vivo. In total, His-CYGB could be utilized as anti-fibrotic therapy in human liver cirrhosis. Credit: Kawada/Osaka City University

Researchers have discovered that the use of Cytoglobin (CYGB) as an intravenous drug could delay liver fibrosis progression in mice.

CYGB, discovered in 2001 by Professor Norifumi Kawada, is present in hepatic stellate , the cells that produce fibrotic molecules such as collagens when the has acute or chronic inflammation induced by different etiologies. The enhancement of CYGB on these cells or the injection of recombinant CYGB has the effect of suppressing and cirrhosis.

These findings were published in the February 2021 issue of the journal Hepatology.

Anti-fibrotic therapy remains an unmet medical need in human chronic liver diseases.

A research team led by Professor Norifumi Kawada, Osaka City University (OCU), reported the novel anti-fibrotic properties of CYGB, a respiratory protein expressed in hepatic (HSCs), the main cell type involved in liver . In mice with advanced liver fibrosis, both enhancement of CYGB or recombinant CYGB injection can suppress hepatocyte damage and liver fibrosis. In chimera mice with a human liver, the injected CYGB did not show any adverse side effects.

"Fixing the liver after injury is a highly orchestrated, coordinated process, and inhibiting the fibrosis could return the liver to a healthy condition," said Norifumi Kawada, M.D., Ph.D., Dean of OCU Medical School and senior author of the study.

His-CYGB deactivates HSCs and inhibits liver fibrosis. Credit: Osaka City University

Liver injury starts with hepatocyte damage, following several conditions including inflammatory cell infiltration, activation of HSCs, and the production of harmful reactive oxygen species (ROSs).

Dr. Kawada, along with Le Thi Thanh Thuy, Ph.D., OCU scientist, and their colleagues, observed that when they culture human HSCs under recombinant human CYGB treatment, it can enter the cellular organelles, hunt the harmful ROSs, and prevent the activation of HSCs leading to inhibit collagen production.

To identify potential treatment strategies, Dr. Kawada and his team developed several animal models of liver injury and investigated how the liver responds to CYGB regulation and treatment.

In both mouse models of bile flow obstruction induced cholestasis and induced fatty liver disease, the absence of CYGB made the liver injury more severe, however, when CYGB was enhanced, the liver subsided.

In the next set of experiments, Dr. Kawada and his group tried to generate two other mouse models of advanced liver fibrosis using different chemical agents and applied recombinant human CYGB protein by intravenous injection. Interestingly, the therapeutic protein dramatically suppressed liver injuries, inflammation and fibrosis without any side effects.

Using the results of this research as a foothold, the research team hopes to start using this new anti-fibrotic therapy.


Explore further

Liver cancer cells manipulate stromal cells involved in fibrosis to promote tumor growth

More information: Ninh Quoc Dat et al. 6His‐tagged Recombinant Human Cytoglobin Deactivates Hepatic Stellate Cells and Inhibits Liver Fibrosis by Scavenging Reactive Oxygen Species, Hepatology (2021). DOI: 10.1002/hep.31752
Provided by Osaka City University
Citation: Cytoglobin: Key player in preventing liver disease (2021, February 16) retrieved 12 May 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-02-cytoglobin-key-player-liver-disease.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
3 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments