Immunology

Food allergies and multiple sclerosis: study reveals a new link

Like many other medical conditions, the mechanism of multiple sclerosis remains an enigma—a puzzle composed of complex genetic and environmental factors. A key piece to this puzzle is the immune system, which is also responsible ...

Immunology

How the 'Iron Man' of immune cells helps T cells fight infection

The immune system's killer T cells are crucial in fighting viral infections. A fraction of them, called 'memory cells', live on once infection is controlled in order to fight re-infection by the same virus. They are of great ...

Immunology

Lupus strongly linked to imbalances in gut microbiome

The disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)—marked by the attack on joints, skin, and kidneys by the body's immune system—is linked to an abnormal mix of bacteria in the gut. This is according to a new study led by ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Using crystals to unpack how viruses work

Researchers at Cardiff University have used X-ray crystallography and computer simulation to get a closer look at how viruses bind cells and cause infection.

Medical research

Bacteria keep us healthy – but could they keep us young?

A study in mice has indicated that the make-up of bacteria in the gut is linked with learning abilities and memory, providing a potential avenue of research into how to maintain cognitive functioning as we age.

Immunology

Adhesion protein optimizes border

The epithelial cells that line the intestines build a specialized cell surface—the "brush border"—that processes and absorbs nutrients, and defends against pathogens. The brush border consists of thousands of finger-like ...