Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Treatments explored for moderate-to-severe alopecia areata

(HealthDay)—For patients with alopecia areata (AA), treatment with an inhibitor of janus kinase (JAK)3 and the tyrosine kinase expressed in the hepatocellular carcinoma kinase family, ritlecitinib, and an inhibitor of tyrosine ...

Medical research

How the body uses fat to fight infection

New research from the University of East Anglia and Quadram Institute reveals how our immune cells use the body's fat stores to fight infection.

Oncology & Cancer

A new strategy to transform liver cancer immunotherapy

In recent years, tumor immunotherapy has emerged as a highly promising and much-touted oncological approach. It is based on using humanized antibodies called immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) to block the cellular pathways ...

Neuroscience

Study reveals journey of immune cells in developing zebrafish

Microglia, the immune cells of the brain, form the first line of defense against neurodegenerative diseases and traumatic brain injuries. They maintain brain homeostasis, the stable condition necessary for survival, by acting ...

HIV & AIDS

Hydrogen sulphide gas suppresses HIV infection

Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and their collaborators have identified a key role played by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas in suppressing the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Increased H2S was found ...

Oncology & Cancer

Rigidifying cancer cells for better immunotherapy

EPFL scientists have found that stiffening the membranes of cancer cells can lead to improved immunotherapy outcomes. Preclinical tests show that it can increase long-term survival rates to nearly 50%.

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